Reliable, index-linked rental income on your property

graph comparing wheat prices vs solar income from 2013-2023

Unlike traditional farming, renewable energy leasing provides a long-term source of index-linked income and is not susceptible to seasonal risks.

This provides landowners with an opportunity to diversify income streams across the farm, using renewable energy leasing to form a backbone to the business’s annual income. Secure, index-linked rental income is also a preferred revenue stream for banks and lenders, so can be used to secure further financing for the business.

The graph on the left shows a baseline index linked solar farm lease against wheat prices over the last ten years.


How land leasing works

Weeks 1-4

Site assessment and financial terms

Clearstone Energy will conduct a site visit to assess the suitability of your land and agree a red line boundary for the proposed project.

We will also agree option fees and index-linked rental payments.

Week 4-16

Initial project design and contractual agreements

We will develop an initial project design and timeline and work with you to draw up contractual agreements for the project.

Week 16-44

Detailed site design and planning application

We will undertake the detailed survey work – landscape, ecology, archeology, drainage and more – required to build a final site design and submit a planning application including consultation with local residents and stakeholders.

18 months before grid connection date


We work with specialist Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) Contractors who have delivered hundreds of similar projects worldwide to ensure the construction of the project takes place with the highest health and safety standards.

Construction can take from 6 – 18 months depending on the size and complexity of the project

40 years

Operations and maintenance

The site will remotely managed 24 hours a day, 365 days a year with two site visits a month for maintenance for the duration of the lease agreement, after which we will reinstate the land to its former use.

Blog series: From project conception to construction


Why partner with Clearstone?

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We have the in-house expertise to manage the preparation of detailed planning applications and design a scheme that works for both of us.

We are a hugely experienced team of land, energy, planning and engineering experts and have an excellent track record securing planning permission for renewable energy projects. 

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An integrated approach

We understand that hosting an energy project can be daunting. We will work with you and your advisors to produce legal agreements specific to your needs. We will design a project that integrates seamlessly into your business.

We will put in place robust restoration plans to ensure that the land will be fully reinstated at the end of the project.

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Community engagement and benefit

We take the lead on consultation with local stakeholders and residents to ensure that questions about the project are answered and any concerns are addressed.

We also have a market-leading community benefit package which offers tangible support to local people

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Grid expertise

A lack of capacity for new connections at National Grid substations is a significant challenge for new energy projects. We have dedicated grid experts in-house and a long term relationship with the National Grid. We always start each project with a confirmed grid connection rather than submit an application as the project progresses. 

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“The shift towards renewable energy is a good thing for the Country and I’m proud that Home Farm can play a role in that project. At the same time, it’s enabled me to diversify my business and secure a reliable, new revenue stream that will provide some certainty with the ups and downs in the farming industry and enable me to invest in the business. Clearstone Energy has been a good partner. They took the time to understand my business and my relationship with the local community. We worked collaboratively on the project design and they’re really on top of the details which has meant that I’ve always felt in control of the project. I’m close to the local community so public communications around the project were important to me. I felt that the team represented me and the project well and we’re looking forward to going into construction.”

John Littlefair of Home Farm in Hart, Hartlepool is working with Clearstone Energy on a Battery Energy Storage project, the project was granted planning permission in 2022 and is awaiting construction 

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Solar Energy

The UK’s energy markets have experienced turmoil and rising electricity costs since 2021, leading to a surge in rooftop and ground-mounted solar installations in 2022. Two-thirds of UK solar generation comes from large-scale projects, and solar energy is the fastest growing and lowest cost renewable energy technology.

More about Solar
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Battery Storage

Battery energy storage is key for reliable renewable energy. Large scale batteries near wind and solar sites ensure a constant electricity supply. Transitioning from gas to batteries will make energy cleaner, more secure and cheaper.

More about Battery Storage

Land Requirements

  • Minimum 5 acres for battery storage projects
  • Minimum 200 acres for solar farm projects 
  • Generally flat or gently rolling land
  • Brownfield or low grade agricultural land 
  • Well screened and separated from nearby residential properties 
  • Close proximity to Electricity Grid infrastructure (we will review this)
  • Outside of National Parks, AONBs and SSSIs
  • Not located in a flood plain

Success Stories

Chosley Farm – 50 MW solar park with battery storage project

Chosley Solar Farm, near Odiham in Hampshire is a 80 MWp capacity solar farm with on-site battery energy storage, developed in consultation with the local community

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Worset Lane Energy Hub- 200MW battery energy storage project

Worset Lane is a large scale battery energy storage project that will be built on land adjacent to National Grid’s Hartmoor 275 kV high voltage substation near Hartlepool.

Read more

Willows Green Solar Park – 50 MW solar park with battery storage

Willows Green Solar Park, near Braintree in Essex is a 50 MW export capacity solar farm with on-site battery energy storage, developed in consultation with the local community.

Read more

Want to discuss a project? Talk to us.

Digby Willoughby

Digby Willoughby

Senior Development Manager

Digby manages a portfolio of solar and battery energy storage projects that are setting new standards for biodiversity net gain in the UK. He brings together technical, planning and environmental expertise to deliver his projects and lends his environmental expertise to all of our projects. 

Sam Thomson

Sam Thomson

Development Manager

Sam brings technical experience to the Clearstone Energy development team, ensuring that we maximise the energy output from each of our projects while managing a pipeline of innovative new projects that push technical boundaries forward.

Tom Bevan

Tom Bevan

Senior Development Manager

Tom is a chartered surveyor who brings enthusiasm and property acumen to his work in the development team. He manages a portfolio of solar and battery storage projects, working with a broad range of technical, planning and environmental experts.

Frequently asked questions

We answer common questions and concerns you might have

With no moving parts, solar panels and batteries are almost silent, any noise comes from the cooling fans for the inverters, which convert between direct and alternating current, and from the magnetic hum of transformers, which step current up for the higher voltage transmission grid. 

On a solar park, these units will be sited away from the site boundaries so distance renders them inaudible to local residents and passers by. Battery energy storage sites are likely to be located in noisier areas or employ a noise reducing fence to bring noise down to ambient noise levels. A key part of the design of any project is an acoustic survey which models sound levels at various public spaces around the site so potential issues can be identified and mitigated.

With no moving parts or liquids, solar farms are considered an incredibly reliable and safe technology. In fact, once operational, maintenance is largely restricted to cleaning panels and mowing the grass in front of panels if the site isn’t grazed by sheep. 

There have been some well documented fire safety issues with Lithium batteries, it’s why many airlines don’t allow personal power banks in checked luggage on planes. Over the last five years battery developers and fire safety organisations have worked together to create strict safety standards for the safe operation of battery energy storage projects. Each battery container is designed with several layers of monitoring and fire prevention systems to ensure safe operation across the project lifetime. Individual battery cells are continuously monitored and automatically shut down if any problems are detected, for manual inspection.  

The battery energy storage systems that Clearstone selects for projects not only have to meet design standards set by safety organisations including the National Fire Protection Association but also undergo hundreds of hours of rigorous testing to ensure that safety systems work as they are designed to.

No, all projects are temporary with the battery containers, solar panels, mounting frames and other equipment dismantled and removed at the end of the project and the land returned to agricultural use.

Solar farms are quick to build and construction typically takes 6 months. Barring the first 4 – 6 weeks when the metal mounting frames are driven into the ground there is very little construction and noise on site. Most of the work is to mount the panels onto the frames and connect them together.

For a battery energy storage project, most of the components are prefabricated offsite rather than assembled in situ. On site construction is restricted to the laying of shallow concrete pads for the battery containers to sit on and the craning of prefabricated units into position ready for cabling and connection works. Project construction typically takes 12-15 months.

For both solar and battery storage projects there would typically be one or two HGVs a day bringing materials to site during the construction phase. Once operational there are typically two maintenance visits a month in Transit sized vans.

The site will not be illuminated at night.

The solar panels and lithium-Ion batteries used in the projects are not reliant on scarce raw materials. There are also established recyling processes for recovering the most common elements used – steel, copper, silicon, glass, cobalt, nickel, lithium and manganese – for re-use.

Clearstone energy we will always seek to minimise the use of concrete on projects. Concrete pads will only be used for solar panels in areas where there is evidence of buried archeology and to support the heavier battery containers.

Solar panels are designed to capture sunlight to generate electricity not reflect it. We will undertake a full analysis of potential glare as part of the site design and screen or angle panels to avoid it.

There is no evidence that a nearby renewable energy project has any impact on house prices. We design our renewable energy projects to minimise any visual or noise impact for local residents and users of local footpaths, we hope our projects are good neighbours.

It is important to Clearstone Energy that our projects serve a local purpose and make a positive contribution to the local community in a way which delivers real benefits now for local people. Clearstone Energy offers £50,000 of local community funding each year for each new project. With a typical operational lifespan of forty years this amounts to £2 million pounds of funding injected into the local economy, with the annual payment being index linked so that it increases with inflation.

Our community offer is envisaged to support three types of schemes, with funding allocated in consultation with local residents,  District and Parish Councils as part of the public consultation process. The funding amount is capped at £50,000 per year.

  1. Electricity subsidy – We believe that those that live closest to any of our proposed renewable energy projects should share in its economic benefits. The offer includes an annual subsidy for existing households closest and most affected by the project via a fixed financial contribution towards their electricity bill for the lifetime of the project.
  2. Energy saving support for low income households – Across the UK many households are struggling to pay for the energy they need for light, heat and cooking. Often referred to as fuel poverty, this affects around 6 million people in the UK in some way. For many of these households the energy cost savings offered by LED lighting, improved insulation, higher efficiency heating systems and solar panels are not affordable. The offer includes an annual financial contribution to support households in fuel poverty in the local community to reduce their energy consumption and, therefore, energy bills. Household support will be delivered by a local partner, for example a community energy company or Fuel Bank charity, who is already active in the local area. 
  3. Support for community projects – The offer includes the establishment of a charitable fund to provide financial support to community organisations and individuals running local community projects. Examples of projects this fund could support include promoting access to community activities or services, skills and employment opportunities for local people, sport and recreation, improved health and wellbeing, community energy projects or maintenance of community buildings. The offered charitable fund would be administered by a local Community Foundation who will manage applications for funding. 

All sites are protected by a two metre high fence and hedgerow which also screens the site from passers by. CCTV cameras will monitor the area around the site perimeter but be positioned to ensure that they don’t impinge on the privacy of passers by.

We’d like nothing more than to sell you low cost, green electricity from one of our solar farms but Government rules mean that energy generators can’t at the moment sell directly to households. Energy suppliers like Ovo Energy, Octopus Energy and Good Energy offer renewable electricity tariffs to customers.

A flood risk assessment is an important part of the design process for every project, where there is any evidence that a project might increase rainwater run off and the risk of flooding then the site will be designed with natural drainage systems that work to slow down, store and gradually release rainwater into local watercourses.

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